Friday, 4 November 2011 | 2 comments
Ah.. you may think that this is a small problem but it can affect your daiy activities. Dandruff can cause an unpleasant sensation on the scalp and can irritate it, leading to sores and even to more complex medical problems such as infected wounds.
But what is dandruff?
Dandruff is defined as a common form of skin eczema that occurs in parts of the body with high oil or sebum production. Body areas which are commonly affected include the scalp, ears, face, chest, and folds of skin, such as the underarms or the skin below breasts or overhanging abdominal folds. The cause of seborrhea is unknown although sometimes, fungal infections may be the cuplrit.
Dandruff, otherwise known as scalp seborrhea presents as thick, flaky, localized patches of scales. However, dandruff does not cause permanent hair loss, contrary to what others may think. There are certain groups of people who are more prone to dandruff such as those on chemotherapy or those with HIV disease or certain neurological disorders.
If you have dandruff, there is no need to panic. There are various treatments available which will be recommended by your doctor. Usually, treatment of dandruff deals with skin inflammation. Thus, cortisone-based creams and lotions are often used.
There are also many over the counter products which you can use to help fight dandruff. You can use shampoos which contain any of the following ingredients: salicylic acid, zinc pyrithione (like Head & Shoulders), selenium sulfide (Selsun Blue) and ketoconazole (Nizoral). You can use any of these either all of the time or just once or twice a week, depending on how severe your symptoms are. If the problem quiets down or disappears, stop and use nonmedicated shampoos. If one kind of shampoo works for a while and "runs out of gas," switch to another. For resistant cases, you can even alternate two different types.
You can also usee creams such as cortisone creams and antifungal creams.Cortisone creams reduce inflammation. You can buy them over the counter in either 0.5% or 1% concentrations. They are safe to use on the face and will often help in just a couple of days when applied twice daily. These products also are available as scalp lotions that are applied once a day, preferably on damp hair after shampooing. You can use scalp cortisone creams together with medicated shampoos.
Antifungal creams are often effective, apparently because they reduce the number of yeast organisms living on the skin. Over-the-counter creams include 1% clotrimazole cream and miconazole cream 2%. Antifungal creams also are applied once or twice a day.
As with shampoos, creams should be applied until dandruff subsides. When the seborrhea comes back, the creams should be used again.